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For a long time the species Grallaria rufula – Rufous Antpitta was known as a species group with distribution in the Andes of Colombia, Perú y Ecuador. A group of researchers (Isler Morton, Mark Robbins, Andrés Cuervo, Carlos Daniel Cadena and  Peter Hosner), using collectible birds and tissue samples, making a molecular analysis of variations in plumage and sounds, with different vocalizations (750 recordings), looking for answers to true phylogenetic relationships in this kind of family Grallariidae, which resulted in the recent publication entitled “Taxonomic evaluation of the Grallaria rufula (Rufous Antpitta) complex (Aves: Passeriformes: Grallariidae) distinguishes sixteen species”. In the following link you can find the full article: https://academic.oup.com/auk/article/doi/10.1093/auk/ukaa009/5857559


Rufous Antpitta has been divided into 12 different species, of which 5 are in Colombia, 2 of them are endemic (E) and 3 of them almost endemic (NE).

Grallaria spatiator Bangs, Sierra Nevada Anttpitta (E), (distributed only in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Guajira, and Cesar in Colombia, between 2200 – 2900 m.a.s.l.). Its name in English is due to the beautiful Sierra Nevada.

Grallaria alvarezi, Chamí Antpitta (E), its Latin name is in honor of Mauricio Alvarez Rebolledo, Colombian ornithologist, who led several biological expeditions in the late and early 21st century, and its English name refers to the indigenous community Embera- chamí those who live on the slopes of the western north of the Andes of our country, Chamí means mountain (distributed in Colombia’s Western Andes, between 2350 – 3650 m.a.s.l.).

Grallaria rufula sensu, Muisca Antpitta,  (NE), the name was put in honor of the muisca civilization that was based in our territories in the Andes (distributed from the Eastern Andes of Tamá macizo in Táchira, Venezuela and Norte de Santander in Colombia, going through Cundinamarca and Meta West, by the extreme southwest of Santander, Colombia, 1850–3800 m.a.s.l.).

Grallaria Satuensis, Perija Antpitta (NE) (distributed in the mountain range of the perija in Zulia, in Venezuela, Guajira and Cesar, between 2500 – 3200 m.a.s.l.), its English name reflects the range of distribution.

Grallaria saturata,  Equatorial Antpitta (NE) (distributed in central and eastern Andes, Tolima, Cauca, Antioquia , Putumayo and Nariño in Colombia, Piura and Cajamarca in Ecuador, and by the north of the river Marañon in Perú, between 2550 – 3650 m.a.s.l.) its English name reflects the range of distribution.

Image taken from the tweeter [email protected] 21/07/2020

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